Nicosia is believed to be built upon the ancient settlement of Ledra, which is thought to have been a settlement of little importance until foreign raids in the 7th and 8th centuries A.D. led the populace to move inland, away from the embattled coastal cities.
Over the centuries, the city has had many rulers. The Ptolemies, Romans, Byzantines, Franks (Lusignans), Venetians, Ottomans, British and Cypriots have governed the island from this city and each left it's mark.
With such a long ans tumultuous history, it should come as no surprise that evidence of the past is everywhere you go. From churches to mosques, from imposing fortifications to crammed museums, the past co-exists with modern daily life in this bustling city.*
*Source: Nicosia Master Plan, Walled Nicosia: A Guide to its Historical and Cultural Sites/ Nicosia a Brief Overview